Objectives of the study:
To study the nature and extent of linkages formed by the institutions of Maharashtra.
To study the effect of SIL on the performance of students especially in relation to skill development.
To evaluate the strengths and weakness of SIL established in selected institutions of the Maharashtra state.
To study way and means to over come the implementation bottlenecks in the establishment of SIL
To standardize the modalities for establishment of SIL.
Data were collected from
The directorate of vocational Education & Training, Maharashtra: 1- Director, 2- Dy. Director & 5- DVEO,
Vocational Schools: 10- Principal, 62-Teacher & 487- Students
Collaborating Agencies/ Industries: 25- Owner, Supervisor-5
General information about school-background and status of VEP in the school.
Information about enrollment and pass outs in different vocational courses running in the school since last five years.
Collaborating Institutions (CI)
Advantages and constraints in School-Industry Linkage.
Role of different agencies in School-Industry Linkage Programme.
Design of the study:
The strengths of the SIL in Maharashtra include active participation of DVE & T, schools, industries and students and as a special mention the constitution of IAC/SAC or monitoring committees in majority of schools. The bottlenecks noticed in the establishment of SIL include no set norms for sharing of expenditure on raw material, any wear and tear and absence of any incentives to industries.
Amongst 12 trades being offered in these institutions, the popular ones include ET, MREDA, BM, AET and MLT vocational courses.
As per five years records (1994-99) of these institutions show that maximum employment was noticed in BM followed by MREDA, TT, ET and MLT vocational courses and total employment percentage of 47.02 was recorded from the year 1994-99 in the ten institutions under study.
Adequate number of teachers were employed in all the trades. The teachers possessed qualifications including professional degrees such as MBBS for MLT and BE for ET courses.
A total of 231 industries were collaborating with these 10 Junior Colleges and majority of them were private. Looking to the strength of students in each trade, the number of CSI seems to be adequate.
Most of the CIs usually bear the entire cost of repair and maintenance of equipment is also shared with students. However, no school had a formal agreement with CIs regarding sharing of expenses on the same.
Generally industries allow the use of equipment and machine under their supervisor. A very few industries allow the independent use by students. Sophisticated and sensitive instruments are allowed only for demonstration.
The viable institutions as identified in this study ad professionally qualified staff, collaboration with a good number of industries, adequacy in infrastructure, books etc. Students performance by having access to industries for time for individual practice in majority of cases.
Keyword(s): School-Industry Linkage