The objectives of the study were: (1) To study the Tribal Sub-Plan of the Government in terms of education. (2) To study various welfare plans of the Tribal Sub-Plan. (3) To study the progress of the Primary Education in four Adivasi Talukas of Sabarkantha District in Gujarat. (4) To study the Educational and Physical facilities in four Adivasi Talukas of Sabarkantha District. (5) To study the effect of the implementation of the Tribal Sub-Plan on the Adivasis of four Adivasi Talukas of Sabarkantha District. (6) To make a comprehensive study of the Primary Education in four Adivasi Talukas of Sabarkantha District. (7) To give the suggestions to make the Tribal Sub-Plan more effective.
The sample was selected through Random Sampling Technique. The sample comprised of 55 principals and 55 primary teachers selected randomly, 4 education inspectors selected purposively, 4 Ashram Shalas, 4 social workers, 4 educationists and one project administrator.
The data were collected through Interviews and Questionnaires / Opinionnaires developed by the investigator with the help of experts. Separate tools were developed for the principals and teachers of the Primary Schools, the principals of the Ashram Shalas and the education inspectors.
The Survey Method was employed in this study. Four Talukas of Sabarkantha District having maximum Adivasi population, namely, Khedbrahma, Vijaynagar, Bhiloda and Meghraj were selected for the survey.
The data were tabulated and percentages were calculated.
The major findings were: (1) No obvious change was observed in the educational development of the Adivasis although the Tribal Sub-Plan was implemented since 1976-77. (2) The Adivasis had been benefited by the welfare programmes of the Tribal Sub-Plan. Their condition having been improved, they began to educate their children. Yet, very poor and illiterate Adivasis could not take enough benefits of these programmes. (3) The educational progress of four Adivasi Talukas under the study was not equal. Bhiloda and Vijaynagar Talukas were progressing very fast in all perspectives. From the point of view of student admission and the results, Meghraj taluka was leading. (4) Little increase was observed in the Educational as well as the Physical Facilities of the schools. Even the basic needs like sufficient number of teachers and classrooms were also not satisfied. (5) The reasons for drop-outs were uninteresting School Climate, Illiteracy and Poverty of Parents, Big Families, Language Problem, Ambiguity of Curriculum, Over Burden of Homework, Fear of Teacher, etc. (6) For the better and effective implementation of the Tribal Sub-Plan regarding the Primary Education of the Adivasi children, the subjects gave following suggestions: to increase Educational, Physical and Hygienic Facilities in schools; to appoint qualified Teachers and arrange in-service Training Programmes; to provide essential Stationary to the pupils; to develop Libraries and Sports grounds; to announce scholarships and awards; to organize Cultural Activities and inter school competitions; to promote Women Education; to Organize Awareness Programmes for Parents, etc.
Keyword(s): Tribal Education, Adivasis Education, Sabarkantha District