Objectives of the study:
To assess the awareness level of school children regarding communicable and nutritional deficiency diseases in rural areas.
To assess awareness level of family members of school children regarding communicable and nutritional deficiency diseases in rural areas.
To assess awareness level of non-scholars children regarding communicable and nutritional deficiency diseases in rural areas.
The purpose of the study includes the assessment of feasibility, efficacy and acceptability of ‘Child to Child’ and Child to Family Members approach for health improvement in that rural areas.
To implement efficient health care delivery system for community members through Child to Family Members strategy.
To focus the preventive approach of communicable diseases.
To enlighten the steps of social medicine against nutritional deficiency diseases.
To emphasize the home management of diarrhea and cholera.
To inform about locally available and low cost nutritional food.
To improve the knowledge and practice for maintaining the personal hygiene.
Study was conducted on children of five rural secondary schools at Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal.
This study adopted pre and post experimental design. School children; their family members and non-scholars were included in the present study. The predesigned, pretested questionnaire was administered into school children, their family members and non-scholars for preawareness assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP). The awareness package was implemented in school children while family members and non-scholars received no awareness package. After delivery of awareness package post-awareness evaluation was obtained from both group of children and their family members by same questionnaire method.
It was observed from the present study that very less percentage of students had knowledge, attitude and practice about said diseases at the pre-awareness stage. For information collection it has been noted that only 22.2% students knew about malaria, 19% students answered about tuberculosis, 13% non-scholars had knowledge of diarrhea and 12% about cholera. Also, school children and non-scholars significantly improve KAP towards preventive approach of communicable and nutritional deficiency diseases.
Child to Child programme, which is an effective approach to education for health, applies to school age children. Children who were exposed to this awareness programme had much better understanding about the causes, symptoms and the prevention of diseases which was proved from the post-awareness evaluation. The study shows that school children and non-scholars significantly improved KAP towards preventive approach of communicable and nutritional deficiency diseases.
Majority of family members had no proper knowledge about immunization schedule and nutritional deficiency diseases. Awareness of malaria(14%) and tuberculosis (12%) was inadequate among family members.. this poor knowledge of the rural community may be due to the limited sources of health information. But at post awareness stage, significant improvement of KAP was observed among family members of children in all schools.
Through this study, it was concluded that school education is a powerful tool for the community health improvement especially at rural sectors through ‘Child to Family Strategy’
Keyword(s): Health Awareness Package, Primary Education