The objectives of the present study are:
1. To identify and ascertain the incidence of scientific, mathematical, entrepreneural and overall creativity among pupils at the +2 level of education in Jammu city.
2. To delineate profiles of the adolescents with high overall creativity as also high creativity in the scientific, mathematical and entrepreneural fields with respect to variables namely, locus of control, self-concept, interpersonal relations at home and school, study habits, self-initiated activities, vocational preferences and scholastic achievement respectively.
3. To fit in a regression equation involving scores of locus of control, self-concept, interpersonal relations at home and school, study habits, self-initiated activities, intelligence and scholastic achievement respectively to predict creativity in different fields.To study the inter-group differences among adolescents with high and low creativity in different fields with respect of marker variables, namely sex, intelligence and achievement respectively.
The sample was restricted to the adolescents whose ages ranged between 12 to 17 years, of both sexes, studying in classes P.U.C. and T.D.C. of higher secondary schools in the city Jammu.
Simple random sampling techniques were employed for this study.
The Sample size includes 2400 adolescent students of +2 level.
Name of the tool along with name of the developer:
In order to collect data, a number of tools were employed which are as follows:
1. Battery of tests for measuring scientific, mathematical and entrepreneural creativity were prepared and standardized by investigator.
2. Batteries of MIER tests of verbal and non-verbal creativity developed and standardized by Gupta (1975) were utilized.
3. Deo’s Personality word list standardized by Dr. Pratibha Deo (1960).
4. Interpersonal relations Inventory constructed by the investigator.
5. Study Habits Questionnaires by the investigator.
6. The Hindi adaptation of Rotter’s IE scale by Dr. Y.P. Aggrawal was used.Vocational Preference Checklist constructed by Gupta, Srinivasan et al (1985).
7. A modified version of Torrance’s Things done on your own Checklists in Hindi by Passi (1971).
8. Group Test of General Mental Ability by Jalota and Tandon.
Method of Research:
The method adopted for the present study was descriptive statistical in nature.
Various statistical techniques were employed for data analysis like frequency counts, means, standard deviations, skewness, kurtosis, P27, P73, frequency polygon, product moment correlation, chi square test, etc.
The findings of this study are as follows:
The adolescents with high enterpreneural, scientific and general creativity respectively have been found to posses significantly superior, healthy, positive and warm interpersonal relations with their parents, teachers, siblings and friends. This showed that the higher the creativity level in the above fields, better the interpersonal relations. It was reported that interpersonal relations of mathematically gifed adolescents may not be very good. However, symptomatic results in the case of their high mathematical creativity are likely to have somewhat better and more positive interpersonal relations than their counterparts. This indicates that the adolescents with high enterpreneural, scientific, mathematical and general creativity excel their counterparts with low creativity on intelligence and posses a high level of intelligence. The adolescents with high and low enterpreneural, scientific, mathematical and general creativity could not be differentiated on the basis of their scores on locus of control and scores on self-initiated activities could not differentiate between the adolescents with high mathematical and high general creativity.
On the basis of the obtained results, it should become possible for the teachers, researchers and administrators to understand the career aspirations, dynamics of behaviour and personality structures of adolescents as a group. This study is helpful in developing special strategies for encouraging different kinds of creative talents among adolescents at the +2 stage of education and in developing different screening devices to identify adolescents gifted in different fields, besides the ones taken up in the present study, tackling them in ways unique to each group.
Keyword(s): Comparative Profiles, Adolescents with different talents, Selected Variables, scientific, mathematical, entrepreneural creativity, locus of control, self-concept, interpersonal relations, study habits, self-initiated activities, intelligence, scholastic achievement etc.