Objectives of the study : 1. To investigate the perceptions of adolescent girls belonging to formal and nonformal schools of Bangkok regarding gender relationship. 2. To investigate the perceptions of adolescent girls belonging to formal and nonformal schools of Bangkok regarding status of women with reference to family, Thai Society, employment, political participation, education, health, and crimes. 3. To know the perceptions of adolescent girls belonging to formal and non-formal schools of Bangkok regarding desirable social relations and present problems in the Thai Society. 4. To know the perceptions of adolescent girls belonging to formal and non- formal schools of Bangkok regarding sex education in terms of its importance, need assessment for topics, knowledge of sex, positive and negative implications and pornographic writings and films. 5. To investigate the age group at which adolescent girls become aware about most of the concepts related to sex. 6. To investigate the sources of information from which adolescent girls first learnt about concepts related to sex. 7. To compare conceptual knowledge related to sex of adolescent girls belonging to formal schools with those belonging to non- formal schools of Bangkok.
In all 600 adolescent girls, 240 from non- formal schools and 360 from formal schools constituted the sample for the study.
The investigator developed and used the tools in the form of the opinion scale, check lists, and questionnaire with open ended questions.
Survey method was used.
The data were analysed through frequencies, percentage responses and t-test.
Findings : 1. A majority of the girls wished that their boy friends must be having sound physique, more education, elderly to them and permanently employed. 66.3 % of them disagreed that the boy friend should be handsome. It reveals that a large majority of the selected sample of adolescent girls of Bangkok have much realistic and psychologically correct assessment of a boy friend. 2. The majority of respondents (63.2%) agreed that a girl should not have sex before marriage in any case, if she does then would lose her respect ( 60.8%), and virginity is a girl’s most valuable possession. 3. The respondents with modernity were quite aware of maintaining cultural values in making gender relations. 4. Majority of the adolescent girls as many as ( 50.8%) had the experience of embracing. 5. A majority of the respondents think that at present the status of Thai women in the family and in society is satisfactory. 86.8% of the respondents agreed that in their family male and female both children are treated equally. 6. As many as 78% of the respondents believed that they are no more the weaker sex. 53.7% of the respondents agreed that Thai women in all walks of life and professions are making good progress. 7. 67.7% of the respondents believed that modern Thai women are equally capable, efficient and committed to take up any skilled job in any walk of life. 8. The proportion of women in local administration levels is very small and has increased slowly in ten years. 9. A majority of the respondents think that 33% seats in all colleges should be reserved for women students. 10. 46% of the respondents have opined that illiteracy among women is more in comparison against men in Thailand. At the same time, 39.5 % respondents think that women’s educational attainment is higher in comparison to men in Thailand. 11. Regarding health women are falling victim to AIDs at a faster rate than men. 12. Although Thai Government is sincere to end violence against women, was agreed by 45.3% respondents yet sex related crimes against women are increasing in Bangkok and this view has been held by 64.2% of the respondents. 13. A majority ( 74.5%) of the adolescent girls believe that in Thailand out-of- marriage births have increased during the last two decades. 14. The adolescent girls of Thailand seem to be quite pragmatic and modern in their motives. 15. 41% of the respondents disagreed with the statement that sex education in elementary and high schools is likely to encourage pre-marital activities. 62.3% of the respondents believed that proper sex education may develop emotional and social maturity. 16. Most of the girls learnt about sexual matters from teachers and mothers. 17. The girls belonging to formal and non-formal schools were having similar conceptual knowledge of sex .
Keyword(s): Perception, Adolescent Girls, Gender Relations, Status of Women, Sex Education, Bangkok , Gender Studies