The study had following objectives: (1) To understand the transition process from home to preschool. (2) To study the transition program of different private schools of Baroda. (3) To design and develop a package to facilitate transition. (4) To study the effectiveness of the package developed to facilitate transition from home to pre-school.
The sample of study for objectives 1 and 2 were parents of 35 preschoolers of all the concerned pre schools teachers and available supervisors of six different private schools of Baroda. For objective 4, 184 parents and 66 teachers and other professionals related to the field were selected. A purposive sampling technique was used.
For data collection semi structured interview schedules for objectives 1 and 2 and a film-reviewed questionnaire was developed to find out the effectiveness of the developed educational package by the researcher. The questionnaire included questions regarding visual, audio, language used, messages covered, and duration of film. Three months later a sub-sample of 21 parents and 12 teachers purposively selected were interviewed.
The study was descriptive, development-cum-intervention.
The data were analyzed both quantitatively in terms of frequency and percentage and qualitatively through content analysis
The study had following findings: (1) Majority of the parents (77%) felt children need to be prepared for the transition from home to pre-school, whereas 23% of them said that there was no need for this preparation. (2) The parents were not preparing their children for transition in an appropriate manner. (3) Most of the parents were worried when their children left for school. (4) Parents expressed that they felt horrible and helpless when they left their children. (5) Most of the parents reported that in the initial days their children were crying and did not like to go to school. (6) All the respondents (100%) said that no orientation was provided for child’s preparation for this transition from home to pre-school before the school started. (7) Teachers expressed both parents and children must be prepared for school. (8) Children need to be toilet trained and also be able to converse in local language and should follow the formal set up in the school. (9) The parents must relate the positive aspects of school and teachers etc. so that the child feels motivated enough to come to school. (10) The teachers noted that initially children cry a lot. (11) The teachers felt children going to play centers adjust faster and normally but over-protected children took a longer duration to settle in the class. (12) All the respondents agreed that there is a need for such a film on the transition process from home to preschool. (13) Out of total 200 respondents, 47.2%, 13.5%, 38.8%, and 0.5% of them rated the video film as very good, excellent, as good and fair respectively.
Keyword(s): Designing, Developing , Implementing, Educational Package, Home to Pre-School, Transition, Pre-primary Education