P, Kadam C. (2000). A Critical Study of Use of Audio-Visual Aids in Secondary Schools in Satara District. Unpublished. Ph.D., Education. Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra.
The objectives of study were: (1) To study the brief history of development of audio-visual education in abroad in India and in Maharashtra. (2) To study the survey of audio-visual aids available in secondary schools in urban and rural area in Satara district. (3) To study the utilization of audio-visual aids in secondary schools in Satara districts with a view to estimating their incidence in secondary schools. (4) To study the cost incurred on the purchase of audio-visual aids in secondary schools in Satara district. (5) To compare the subject-wise availability and use of audio-visual aids in secondary schools in Satara district. (6) To study the difficulties experienced in using the audio-visual aids in secondary schools in Satara district. (7) To study the measures undertaken to overcome these difficulties.
Out of the 350 aided Marathi medium secondary schools in the district, 217 (62%) schools were selected randomly.
The interview schedule was constructed and administered to the experts in audio-visual education, head-masters and the teachers. Questionnaire, observation schedule and the unit tests were also used in the research.
The method used was survey method. The researcher conducted an experiment on small sample to have the follow up of use of audio-visual aids.
The data was analyzed by computing percentage.
The findings of study were: (1) It was found that one school in urban area had a special room for keeping the audio-visual aids as against in rural area no school had a special room for keeping the audio-visual aids. (2) Only in nine (5.88%) Schools an independent person was incharge of department of audio-visual aids. (3) The average number of non-projected visual aids per division in rural schools (11.402) was higher than that of the school in urban area (11.035). (4) The average number of projected visual aids per school in urban area (75.19) was higher than that of the schools in rural area (50.77). (5) On the basis of criteria evolved for projected visual aids, the aids like slide projector, film-strip projector, film-strip, overhead projector, and transparency were found inadequate in both the urban and rural schools as their averages per school were less than one. (6) The percentage of schools (85.45%) using the projected visual aids in urban area was higher than that of the schools in rural area (19.75%). (7) The percentage of schools using the audio aids in urban area was higher (84.80%) than that of schools in rural area (76.33%). (8) All the urban schools had sets of television as their average per school was more than one. All rural schools could not keep the sets and average of television per school was less than one. (9) The percentage of schools (76.25%) using audio-visual aids in urban area was higher than the schools in rural area (69.59%). (10) The most important difficulties encountered in using the audio-visual aids as reported by the headmasters of the schools in urban area were time consuming, lack of initiative on the part of teachers in preparing the aids, no training of teachers, lack of availability of aids, insufficient aids, lack of funds, apathy of teachers and some aids were out of order. Their respective percentages were 51.61, 41.93, 35.48, 28.03, 25.80, 22.58, 22.58 and 19.35. (11) The most common difficulties faced by the rural schools in not using the audio-visual aids were lack of availability of aids, lack of funds, no training of teachers, lack of initiative of teachers in preparing the aids, insufficient quantity of aids, time consuming, apathy of teachers and some aids were out of order. Their respective percentages were 51.63, 44.26, 41.80, 27.86, 15.57, 13.93, 12.24 and 10.65.
Keyword(s): Educational Technology, Audio-Visual Aids, Secondary Schools, Satara District