The objectives of study were: (1) To find out the burnout of the elementary school teachers of two districts of Assam, namely, Barpeta and Kamrup. (2) To study the effect of self – concept on the burnout of the elementary school teachers. (3) To work out the effect of introversion – extraversion on the burnout of the elementary school teachers. (4) To find out the interaction effect of self-concept and introversion – extraversion on burnout.
The hypotheses of study were: (1) There will be significant difference in the burnout of elementary school teachers with high and low self-concept. (2) There will exist significant difference in the burnout of elementary school teachers in respect of introversion – extraversion. (3) There will be significant difference in the burnout of male and female teachers. (4) The interaction between levels of self-concept of introversion – extraversion and sex will yield significant results in respect of burnout of elementary school teachers.
The sample comprised randomly selected 600 Elementary School Teachers from Barpeta and Kamrup.
Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) by Maslach and Jackson, Personality Word List (PWL) by P. Deo and Kundu introversion – extraversion Inventory (KIEI) by R. Kundu were used for data collection.
The 2X2 Factorial Design was followed in the present study.
The data were analyzed by Mean, SD, t-test, ANOVA and Correlation.
(1) Teachers with high self – concept was having higher scores in respect of emotional exhaustion as compared to teachers with low self – concept. (2) No significant difference in the level of depersonalization was observed between high and low self – concept groups. (3) The teachers of high self – concept group was having better feelings of self-competence than the teachers with low self- concept group. (4) Teachers with introverted personality orientation were having fewer feelings of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization than those teachers possessing extraverted personality type. (5) Male teachers were found to have more depersonalization than female teachers. (6) The interaction between introversion – extraversion personality and sex was found to be insignificant. (7) The interaction between levels of self-concept and type of introversion – extraversion was found to be not significant. (8) The interaction between levels of self-concept and sex of the elementary teachers was established to have no significant effect upon burnout with respect to emotional exhaustion depersonalization and personal accomplishment. (9) The joint effect of levels of self-concept, introversion – extraversion and sex with respect to all the measures of burnout subscale were not found to be significant. (10) Two dimensions of burnout, that is, emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation are negatively correlated with self-concept while the aspect personal accomplishment is positively correlated with self-concept. (11) The sub–measure of emotional exhaustion is correlated negatively and significantly and with introversion – extraversion, whereas depersonalization has negative and insignificant but personal accomplishment is positively but insignificantly correlated with introversion – extraversion. (12) Emotional exhaustion and depersonalization measures of burnout are negatively and significantly correlated with introversion personality orientation, while personal accomplishment is found to be positively and significantly correlated with introversion personality orientation. (13) Emotional exhaustion is negatively correlated with extraverted personality orientation. However the correlation between these two is not significant whears depersonalization bears negative and significant correlation with extravert personality. Personal accomplishment is significantly positively correlated with extraversion. (14) Self-concept and the measure of introversion – extraversion are negatively and significantly correlated. Low self-concept is related with extraversion. (15) Introversion is negatively and significantly correlated with self-concept. The relationship between introversion and criterion variable of self-concept is inverse. (16) Extraversion orientation is found to be negatively and significantly correlated with self- concept.
Keyword(s): Burnout, Relation, Self Concept, Introversion – Extraversion, Elementary School Teachers, Assam