Objectives of the study:
To identify the areas of competence to be taught through science teaching at elementary level.
Development of selected model lessons keeping the competency criteria in view.
Validation (assessment of advantages and effectiveness) of the model lessons in terms of development of desired skills in pupils as compared to traditional methods of teaching.
To study the feasibility of the strategy in terms of time and cost.
Sample of the study:
Students from VI, VII, VIII from Damana UGME School, University High school Bhubaneshwar and D M School Bhubaneshwar were selected for conducting the study.
Tools of the study:
Design of the study:
The study was started with survey followed by an experimental approach.
Mean, Standard Deviation and t-test
From the trying out of model through teaching of six topics in three classes in three school it was noted that students enjoyed the integrated approach to science teaching. The difference between the achievement scores of post-test and pre-test was statistically significant both for conventional and integrated methods of teaching showing the effect of intervention.
Looking to the comparatively effectiveness of the model, the percent increase in post-test scores over pre-test showed that the model was very effective in promoting learning and bringing desired skills among the learners. With respect to sex (Boys/girls) of the students there was no clear findings. The improvement in achievement was independent of the sex of the students.
The important factors which may be considered for developing intervention programmes to improve the pupils achievement are viewed in an integrated manner.
The teacher can use this model in improving teaching learning process. The teacher educators can use this model to train the pre-service/in-service teachers in science teaching keeping integrated approach in view. This approach being environmentally oriented in the longrum environment awareness shall be developed among learners-leading to quality improvement of the environment. Further the model being activity based, the learning experiences shall be durable. The lessons being linked horizontally, it will help to remove the overlapping of concepts-this may useful for curriculum framers/administrators in modification of curricula and revision of text books.
Keyword(s): Integrated Approach, Science Education, Elementary Level