The objectives of the study were: (1) To know the personal profile of Visually Impaired students and their SES, educational levels, occupational levels of the family members of the Visually Impaired students at secondary school level in Andhra Pradesh. (2) To know the interests, aspirations, achievements and awareness of visually impaired students at secondary school level in Andhra Pradesh. (3) To know the opinions of the visually impaired students at secondary school level in Andhra Pradesh regarding their problems, pedagogical practices and attitude of parents, school staff, peer-group, government and society towards them. (4) To know the physical facilities, equipment and other requirements at secondary schools for the visually impaired in Andhra Pradesh.
The hypothesis of the study were: (1) There will be no significant difference in the opinions of the visually impaired students at secondary level in Andhra Pradesh with regard to: (a) Region (i.e. Andhra, Telangana, Rayalseema) Vs interests, aspirations, achievements; (b) Sex (i.e. male, female) Vs interests, aspirations, achievements; (c) Caste (i.e. F.C., B.C., S.C., S.T.) Vs interests, aspirations, achievements; and (d) Income levels (i.e. high, medium, low) Vs interests, aspirations, achievements.
The students of special schools for the visually impaired under different managements at secondary levels constitute the sample of the study. The total population of 207 students was selected through multi-stage random sampling from 8, 9, and 10 classes in which the variables, like, rural and urban, male and female, different castes, three regions of Andhra Pradesh and with varied SES backgrounds are considered.
The investigator developed the tools keeping in view of the objectives of the study: (1) Questionnaire for the visually impaired students to know the personal profile (Part-A), (2) Opinionnaire for the visually impaired students with regard to interests, aspirations and achievements (Part-B), and (3) Check list for physical facilities available in secondary schools for visually impaired students (Part-C). The researcher personally interviewed the respondents and collected the responses carefully through tools. The researcher also personally taken the data regarding the physical facilities available at secondary schools meant for visually impaired students in Andhra Pradesh.
The present study is confined to Andhra Pradesh state.
The data were analyzed with the help of content analysis technique.
the findings of the study were as follow: (1) The study revealed that there was a significant difference in the personal profile of the visually impaired students in which they had the diversified backgrounds. They varied in parental background, like, their educational qualifications, occupational levels, economic levels and other life orientations. (2) There were more visually impaired boys in Rayalseema than Telangana and Andhra regions. Majority of the visually impaired students had low and medium income levels in three regions. Most of the visually impaired students had illiterate mothers, and majority of the fathers studied up to S.S.C. level in three regions. Majority of the mothers were housewives and fathers were farmers. Majority of the visually impaired students had total blindness, and most of them had blindness by birth. (3) There was significant difference in opinions on some of the issues and majority of them had similar opinions on aspirations, interests and achievements. Majority of visually impaired students had positive opinions in Andhra and they were optimistic and there were mixed opinions in Telangana and Rayalseema regions. (4) Region, caste and income levels played a vital role in giving opinion on interests, aspirations, and achievements. But sex played a little role on responses in some aspects. (5) Majority of the visually impaired schools had adequate physical facilities in three regions.
Keyword(s): Aspirations and Interests, Special Education, Achievements, Socio-economic, Educational Status, Visually Impaired , Inclusive Education