Objectives of the Study:
1. To assess the needs of the parents of the children with mental retardation in order to plan an intervention programme
2. To develop an intervention programme for parents of children with mental retardation
3. To implement an intervention programme for parents
4. To study the effectiveness of the intervention programme
Multistage sampling was selected as the sampling technique. In the first stage of sampling, Baroda city was chosen purposively. A complete list of special schools/integrated schools for mental retardation children were prepared. In the second stage of sampling, a sample of three special schools and an integrated school for children with mental retardation was selected randomly from the list of schools.
The details of the data collection are
presented, phase wise like assessment of parents needs where rapport
was established with parents and semi-structured interview schedule were
recorded, the development taking into account the needs of the parents
effectiveness of the intervention programme was appraised through Pre-test and Post-Test Questionnaire.
Different tools like, Identification Data Sheet, Observation Schedule, Family needs assessment semi-structured interview schedule(NIMH-FAWNS), Pretest and Post-test questionnaire, Anecdotal Records, Case Studies, Reaction scale for feedback of the intervention programme.
The Interventional study aimed at evaluating changes on a sample of subject as a result of the Intervention programme employed. It was an experimental study.
Data were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. Descriptive Statistics, Percentage Analysis and t-test were used.
1. Results that different stages of emotions perceived by the parents were Acceptance, Anger, Shame, Blame, Denial, Shock etc.
2. It has been observed in the area related to future planning, financial planning,vocational aspects, marriage and government benefit, majority of undergraduate parents were having greater needs
3. Results revealed that if the children with non-disabled they will have the inferiority complex.
4. In relation to marriage and sexuality aspects, majority reported that if informed properly, then they can look after the family responsibilities to some extent.
5. Regarding hostel admission parents reported that learning can increase by placing the child in the hostel and child will get exposure.
Keyword(s): intervention programme, mental retardation, Special and Inclusive Education