The objectives of the study were: (1) To develop a scale for measuring the attitude towards environmental education. (2) To measure the attitude of college and university teachers towards environmental education. (3) To find out the gender differences in attitude towards environmental education of college and university teachers. (4) To study the influence of experience on the attitude of college and university teachers. (5) To study the influence of academic discipline on the attitude of college and university teachers.
Sample comprised of 300 college and university teachers selected randomly from Aligarh.
Attitude Toward Environmental Education Scale (ATEES) was constructed by the investigator by following Likert Method. A Biographic Information Block was also prepared.
For the study 2x2 factorial design was used.Data were analyzed by using mean, SD, and F-value.
The findings of the study were: (1) Sex and experience in their direct effect significantly influence at the ATEES as a whole for the total sample, whereas interaction of these failed to bring about any variation in ATEES. Moreover, male group of teachers dominated over the female teachers while high experienced group dominated over low experienced group of teachers. (2) The first fact ‘knowledge about the environment” was also found to be influenced by sex and experience in favor of male group and Higher Education group; the fact “role of government and other agencies in conserving the environment is concerned, male teachers were found to be more aware and high in attitude as compared to the females; regarding the fact “awareness about environment conservation”, the variation in attitude has been found as a function of direct influence of A and B variables, male and Higher Education groups have found again to have their significant influence. The last fact “place of environment education in curriculum” has been influenced by male and high experience of teachers. (3) A significant difference was observed between the attitude of science teachers and humanities teachers only. (4) Higher Education group of university teachers has high attitude towards environmental education. (5) No significant influence of either of the two variables independently or conjunction with each other was found on “knowledge about the environment” and “place of environmental education in curriculum”, experience has influenced significantly the attitude of university teachers in the dimensions - ‘role of government and other agencies in conserving the environment’, and awareness about environment conservation” of ATEES. (6) No significant difference was noticed in the attitude of university teachers towards environmental education among various disciplines, viz., science, social science and humanities. Colleges Teachers: (7) Only interaction effect of variables, that is, male X Higher Education group was found to dominate over both male X Low Educated and female X Low Educated groups. (8) Sex influenced the fact “knowledge about the environment”, high experienced teachers are found to have more favorable attitude towards the role of government and other agencies in conserving the environment, the interaction of A x B influenced the fact “Awareness about environment conservation”, sex and experience either independently or in conjunction with each other influenced the “place of environmental education in curriculum. (8) There is no significant difference in attitude towards environmental education of teachers of science and social science but humanities teachers differ significantly in their attitude towards environmental education from teachers of social science discipline and science discipline.
Keyword(s): Attitude, College and University, Environmental Education,