The objectives of the study were: (1) To examine the patterns of interpersonal relationships of higher-secondary adolescent boys and girls in urban and rural areas. (2) To identify the adjustment in general as well as in four specified areas, namely, Home Health; Social and Emotional inclusive of boys and girls in urban and rural areas. (3) To study the different adjustment levels of respondents viz. Excellent, Good, Average, Unsatisfactory and Very Unsatisfactory in relation to interpersonal relationship, demography and sex.
Alternative and null hypotheses were formulated.
The sample of 2200 eleventh standard students of two districts of Gujarat was selected Randomly. The actual sample shrunk to 360 subjects consisting of 120 students in each of the three interpersonal pattern groups, viz. Stars, Isolates and Rejectees.
The adjustment of the students was measured with the Gujarati adaptation of Bell Adjustment Inventory (Raval, 1990). The three patterns of relationship among the students were traced out by using a Sociometric Questionnaire’ constructed by the investigator with the help of experts. The test retest reliability was established (r = 0.90).
This was a survey study based on “Ex Post Factorial" Design.
The data were analysed through Hartley’s F-Max test, F-test, L.S.D. test and 2 test.
The main findings were: (1) Adjustment of male group was better than female group in respect of Social, Emotional and Total adjustment. (2) The Star group was better than the Isolate group which was in turn better than the Rejectee group in respect of Home, Emotional and Total Adjustment. (3) The Star group’s level of Total Adjustment was higher than that of Isolate group which in turn was higher than that of Rejectee group. (4) The male group’s level of Emotional and Total adjustment was higher than that of the Female group and the overall level of adjustment was negatively skewed.
Keyword(s): Interpersonal Relationship, Adjustment, Adolescents, Higher Secondary Schools