Dadhi, Rc. (1998). A Critical Appraisal of the Secondary School Geography Curriculum of Orissa. Unpublished. Ph.D., Education. Berhampur University.
The objectives of study were: (1) To analyze the
Objectives of teaching Geography and Syllabus in Geography in the light of
Opinion of teachers and students. (2) To find out the relative importance of
various topics. (3) To compare the syllabus in Geography of Orissa with that of
NCERT & CBSE (4) To assess the present operational situations relating to
Geography curriculum. To assess: (a) Adequacy of textbooks prescribed; (b)
Methodological approaches adopted for teaching; (c) Facilities available for
teaching the subject and (d) The evaluation process adopted for assessment
objectives of teaching Geography.
The sample comprised of 936 Students, 312
Geography Teachers, 69 Headmasters from 205 Secondary Schools and 60 Geography
Expert from different Universities.
Questionnaires developed by researcher were used
for data collection. Researcher used Survey Method.
The data were analyzed by percentage.
The findings of study were: (1)
The objectives of knowledge and understanding are given more importance by Geography
teachers and skill and map work and application by students. (2) The weightages
given to the subject Geography, in secondary school curriculum of Orissa
verified from 5.71% to 6.66% during 1963 to 1991. (3) The present weightages of
75 marks in Geography was agreed by teachers, head masters and experts. (4) The
present syllabus of Geography gave more importance to Physical Geography &
regional studies of India
and Orissa, Whereas continental studies and solar system are neglected. (5)
ICSE & CBSE examines only the syllabus of class X where as Orissa, BSE
examine the syllabus of class IX & X. (6) BSE- Orissa syllabus has no
provision of practical work and project work. (7) Weightages given to Geography
in curriculum in ICSE, CBSE and BSE - Orissa are 9.09%, 7.00% and 6.66%
respectively. (8) The central emphasis of NCERT and BSE- Orissa Geography
syllabus is on the study of the Interaction of Man and Environment and its
effect, ICSE syllabus concentrates on the map-work and BSE - Orissa on
conceptual clarity of Geography phenomena. (9) BSE - Orissa curriculum is
centred around cognitive aspect, NCERT syllabus on applicability and ICSE on
development of Geographical skills. (10) Geography text-books presented by BSE
Orissa are not written according to the objectives of teaching Geography. It does
not help in developing skill in map work. They require improvement in aspects
of papers, finding, get up, illustrations, colored maps, work-sheets and
guideline for teacher. (11) Only 3.94% of teachers teaching Geography had
Geography at graduation level. (12) Majority of schools in Orissa did not have
a properly qualified and trained Geography teacher. (13) Only 42.62% of
Geography teachers had attended in-service training in Geography. (14) No school of
the state possessed the required quality of audio-visual aids. (15) 15 schools
did not posses a single map or chart to teach Geography. Overall situation of
instructional materials required for teaching Geography in schools was very
dismal. (16) Excursion method and field trip method are not used in teaching
Geography. Teachers rarely used cut-out maps, drew maps on black board, used
hand-drawn maps. Occasionally used printed maps. (17) Geography teachers were
interested to complete their courses and examination oriented. No activities
related to geographical co-curricular activities were organized in schools.
(18) A wide gulf was observed between the objectives of teaching Geography and
questions set in HSC examinations and text-book exercise items. (19) Gross
deviations from standard principles of test construction were noticed in the
Geography questions papers of HSC examinations. (20) Central valuation system
beset with a number of defects like hurried evaluation and evaluation by
incompetent teachers and scope of favoritism.
Keyword(s): Orissa, Critical Appraisal, Secondary School , Geography