Objectives of the study:
The study proposes to analyze the impact of urban exposure on the perception of urban poor towards social issues like education of their children in general and girl child in particular. More precisely, the objectives of the study are:
Tracing the socio-economic profile of the urban poor families;
Nature of occupation of urban poor;
The exposure to various kinds of information medium (social interactions, television, cinema, public meetings, radio, etc.)
Their attitude towards social values particularly for education, sanitation and health;
Actual practice related to education, sanitation and health;
Identify the causes responsible for discrepancies towards actual awareness and practice towards education, sanitation and health towards the girl child; and
Suggest appropriate strategy for inducing strong attitudinal and motivational changes for education, sanitation and health related behavior.
102 families each from two slums- Alopibagh and Mehdauri slum.
House Hold Schedule
Programme Functionaries Schedule
Frequency Count, Percentage Analysis
The study shows that the sample contained an overwhelming proportion of SC (over 72 percent) households, while the proportion of OBC and Muslims was reported to be over 26 percent and 2.6 percent respectively. The average size and households was much bigger in Alopibagh slum than the average size of households in Mehdauri slum.
The proposition of children in Alopibagh was almost two times the proportion of children in Mehrauli Slum.
On the nature of ownership of the dwellings, the study shows that bover 94% of the households possessed their own dwellings.
On account of literacy status, the findings revealed that over 63 percent of households as illiterates, of which the proportion of females was conspicuously large (over 70%).
65% of the households were living below the poverty line while this ratio for OBC and SC households were estimated to be over 66%.
The status of basic facilities in the two slums was also quite low which contributed to environmental hazards.
On the occupational pattern, the study reveals that the two categories, that overwhelmingly dominated were the proportion of casual workers and the proportion of housewives. In the former category, the involvement of male was much higher while the second was monopolized my females.
The distribution of amenities in these two slums were of extremely poor level with the exception of primary school, and fair price shop, all the amenities were located beyond two kilometers of distance.
The study of enrollment pattern of students shows that the dropout rate among the SC students, in the sample, was exceptionally high than the students of OBC households. Also, the dropout rate of the students in Alopibargh slum was much higher than Mehdauri slum.
On the gender-wise enrollment pattern, the study shows that the dropout rate among girls was lesser than the boys.
The analysis reveals that the involvement of parents in the studies of their children in Alopibagh slum was negligible, while it was of exceptional order in Mehdauri Slum.
Also, the majority of the households in both the slums observed gender equality.
The study also find out that there is no perceptible change in the attitude or perception of the urban poor households that are attached to urban families with the perception of urban poor households not attached with the perception of urban poor households not attached with urban families.
Keyword(s): Urban Poor Households, Girls Education