S, Sharma. (2000). A Study of Role Model and Self Image in the Preferences of Science Oriented Careers by Girls in India. Unpublished. Ph.D., Education. Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur.
The objectives of the study were: (1) To develop three scales for each of the male / female type & sex type suitability rating scale for girls. (2) To study the participation of boys & girls regarding the suitability of role models for girls & boys. (3) To study the perception of boys & girls regarding the suitability or a career for self. (4) To study the discrepancy & distance between the self - perceived change in boys & girls regarding the selection of their carrels. (5) To study the relationship between the culturally oriented role models and its association with science oriented careers for both boys & girls. (6) To study the nature of the discrepant that lie between the culture oriented preference of career and the self - image of boys and girls. (7) To study the nature of dominance of culture and their liking for careers of their future careers that lie in the personal selection of gender oriented careers.
The sample comprised of 240 Students of Class XI & XII from 3 schools of Mathura.
Social Role Model Scale (Alpha Cronhach reliability coefficient = 0.92) and Attitude Scale Towards Science (Kell’s test coefficient ranged from 0.07 to 0.89) developed by Researcher were used for data collection.
Descriptive Normative Survey Method was used in Research.
The data were analyzed through t – test and Correlation.
The findings of the study included: (1) The gender image of science is masculine rather than feminine. As only MS of subjects have been found significantly correlated with their achievements in science. (2) The gender stereotype of science is conformed by positive significant correlation obtained between FS and CPF negative but significant correlation obtained were FS & MS and FS & CPM. (3) FS and MS are bipolar psychological tendencies as evidenced by significantly negative correlation obtained between FS and MS of boys and girls for 15 years of children to 17 years of children. (4) Attitude of students towards science is evidenced to a meaningless attribution for subjects at 15 – 16 which claims only one significant correlated between ATS and PST. But with 15 – 17 the attitudes seem to build and ATS is found significantly correlated with both MS and BST at 13+ and that is setting in adolescence attitude towards science becomes significant correlate of attitude with the exception of these findings.
Keyword(s): Role Model , Self Image, Science Oriented Careers , Gender Studies, Psychology of Education, Girls Education